Metro adopted the CCP in conjunction with the PLA to encourage construction employment and training opportunities to those who reside in economically disadvantaged areas on Metro construction projects. The agreement applies to certain local (non-federally) funded and federally funded construction projects with a construction value greater than $2.5 million.
Metro's PLA is unique in that Metro is the first transit agency in the nation to adopt such an agreement with national targeted hiring goals for federally funded projects with FTA approval. The PLA and CCP were approved by Metro's Board of Directors on January 26, 2012, subsequently renewed on January 26, 2017 and negotiated with the Los Angeles/Orange County Building Construction Trades Council (LAOCBCTC) to help facilitate the timely completion of transit projects in LA County.
PLA Hiring Goals
All contractors working on Metro construction projects covered by the PLA and CCP will be required to comply with certain targeted hiring requirements.
The PLA requires 40% participation of construction workers residing in economically disadvantaged areas, 10% participation of disadvantaged workers, and a 20% participation of apprentices.
(Scheduled to resume on new contracts with Federal funds after Sept. 2015 or until further notice)
For projects using Federal Transit Administration (FTA) monies, targeted hiring measures are national in scope and will utilize National Targeted Workers to meet the hiring goals. National Targeted Workers means an individual whose primary place of residence is within an Economically Disadvantaged Area or an Extremely Economically Disadvantaged Area in the United States, or a Disadvantaged Worker.
The Prime Contractor shall ensure that the following targeted hiring requirements are met for each federally funded project subject to the PLA and CCP, as follows:
- A minimum of 40% of all hours of Project Work shall be performed by National Targeted Workers, with priority given to residents of National Extremely Economically Disadvantaged Areas. For any hour of Project for which the Contractor/Subcontractor/Employer/Developer (C/S/E/D) seeks to meet this requirements, the C/S/E/D and Unions must first refer residents of National Extremely Economically Disadvantaged Areas. After Unions and C/S/E/Ds have exhausted the available pool of residents of National Extremely Economically Disadvantaged areas, they may refer any National Targeted Workers.
- A minimum of 10% of all hours of Project Work shall be performed by Disadvantaged Workers.
- A minimum of 20% of total work hours on each project will be performed by apprentices, but the hours performed by apprentices in each individual craft shall not exceed the ratio to journeyman established by the applicable craft union’s Division of Apprenticeship Standards (DAS) approved apprenticeship program. National Targeted Workers will perform 50% of all apprenticeship hours worked on a Project.
For projects that rely 100 percent on local funding, hiring can be targeted to Local Targeted workers, meaning a Local Resident, Community Area Resident or a Disadvantaged Worker whose primary place of residence is within Los Angeles County.
The Prime Contractor shall ensure that the following targeted hiring requirements are met for each non-federally funded project subject to the PLA and CCP, as follows:
- A minimum of 40% of all hours of project work shall be performed by Local Targeted Workers, with priority given to Community Areas Residents. For any hours of Project work for which the (C/S/E/D) seeks to meet this requirement, the C/S/E/D and Unions must first refer Community Area Residents. After Unions and C/S/E/Ds have exhausted the available pool of Community Area Residents, they shall refer any Local Residents from Extremely Economically Disadvantaged areas; when the C/S/E/Ds have exhausted the available pool, they shall refer Local Residents low Economically Disadvantaged areas.
- A minimum of 10% of all hours for Project Work shall be performed by Disadvantaged Workers whose primary place of residence is within Los Angeles County.
- A minimum of 20% of total work hours on each project will be performed by apprentices, but the hours performed by apprentices in each individual craft shall not exceed the ratio to journeyman established by the applicable craft union’s Division of Apprenticeship Standards (DAS) approved apprenticeship standards. Local Targeted Workers will perform 50% of all apprenticeship hours worked on the Project.
In March 2015, the U.S. DOT announced an initiative to permit, on an experimental basis, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) and Federal Transit Administration (FTA) recipients and sub-recipients the ability to utilize previously disallowed local/geographic-based labor hiring preferences and economic-based labor hiring preferences on Construction and Rolling Stock projects. This initiative was carried out and extended under the FHWA and FTA’s existing Authorities.
The Federal Register published a notice from the USDOT announcing the withdrawal of the Pilot Local Hire program on October 6, 2017.
Metro currently has the following contracts awarded under the Pilot Local Hire Initiative:
- Southwestern Yard Light Rail Vehicle Yard - $172 million
- Westside Subway Extension Project, Section 2 - $1.3 billion
- Purple Line Extension Section 3 Advanced Utility Relocation - $11 million
- Red Line Car Overhaul Procurement
- Heavy Rail Vehicle Procurement
- New CNG Bus Procurement (40 – foot)
- Blue Line Car Overhaul
Through its’ Project Labor Agreement and Construction Careers Policy, Metro is striving to diversify the workforce on construction projects to improve access to career opportunities and serve as a catalyst for improving socio-economic status for minorities and women. Although the national average for women in construction is below 3%, Metro’s goal is to exceed the Executive Order 11246 female utilization goal of 6.9%. Metro’s current female participation average is 3.4%.
“Women are a driving force in L.A.'s growth and prosperity — supporting them in the workplace is good for business and good for our economy,” said Los Angeles Mayor and Metro Board Chair Eric Garcetti. “This new incentive program will create a more equitable, inclusive work environment and empower women to pursue careers in the construction industry.”
Metro Board Vice Chair, Los Angeles County Supervisor, Third District Sheila Kuehl stated, “We want to make it clear to all the contractors who work with Metro that increasing female utilization is a Board priority and that we are willing to sit down face to face with them to help them meet this goal.”
“For too long, women have been all but shut out of the construction industry,” said Metro Board Member, Los Angeles County Supervisor, Fourth District Janice Hahn. “There are trained and educated women ready and willing to enter the transportation construction workforce and Metro will reward and encourage the companies that hire them and promote diverse and inclusive workplaces. These are good-paying, middle-class jobs and as we spend billions of dollars to vastly improve our county’s transportation infrastructure, everyone should have equal access to these opportunities.”
Female Participation Score Card
The Metro Board voted to create a score card system to highlight those contractors who meet and exceed the Executive Order 11246 female utilization goal of 6.9% on Metro Construction projects.
Women Build Metro LA is a culmination of community advocates stake holders, and decision makers, including private and public sectors. Together we are committed to increasing the ranks of qualified women candidates for apprenticeship and placement with all trades. With our Committee, we are passionate about increasing female participation, given that women currently make up less than 3% of the construction trade workforce. We are proud to educate and support women in construction under Metro’s Project Labor Agreement and Construction Careers Policy.