First/Last Mile

An individual’s trip is understood as the entire journey from origin to destination. Individuals may use a number of modes (types) of transport to complete the journey – they may walk, drive, ride a bicycle, take a train, or – in many cases – combine a number of modes. Bus and rail services often form the core of a trip, but users complete the first and last portion on their own. For example, they must first walk, bike, drive or roll themselves to and from the nearest station. This is referred to as the first and last mile of the user’s trip.

The First/Last Mile Strategic Plan

Adopted in 2016, the plan is an approach for identifying barriers and planning and implementing improvements for the first/last mile (FLM) portions of an individual’s journey. It provides an adaptable vision for addressing FLM improvements in a systematic way, and results in data and information to justify taking those actions. Examples of FLM improvements include the following:

  • Infrastructure for walking, rolling, and biking (e.g. bike lanes, bike parking, sidewalks, and crosswalks);
  • Facilities for making modal connections (e.g. kiss-and-ride and bus/rail interface); and
  • Signage and way-finding, and information that eases travel (e.g. information kiosks)


The Metro First/Last Mile Guidelines, adopted in 2021, describes the approach for integrating first/last mile planning into overall transit project delivery. 

FLM Documents 

Active Projects

Affordable Housing and Sustainable Communities

Administered by the Strategic Growth Council, the AHSC Program funds land-use, housing, transportation, and land preservation projects to support .infill and compact development that reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Metro provided support to the County and the City of Los Angeles on three applications for the 2018 funding cycle.

Upcoming Projects

Green Line Extension to Torrance First/Last Mile Plan 

As Metro extends the western terminus of the Green Line from Redondo Beach to Torrance, it will develop first/last mile plans to improve safe, comfortable walking and rolling access to the three new stations in the South Bay. The stations will also serve new transit connections in the Redondo Beach and Torrance Transit Centers. 

West Santa Ana Branch First/Last Mile Plan

Metro will develop station-area first/last mile plans for the 20-mile West Santa Ana Branch transit corridor. The West Santa Ana Branch Transit Corridor will connect downtown Los Angeles with southeastern LA County, including the cities of Paramount, Bellflower, Cerritos, and Artesia.

Completed Projects

East San Fernando Valley Transit Corridor First/Last Mile Plan 

The East San Fernando Valley First/Last Mile Plan was adopted on December 3, 2020. The plan identified biking and walking improvements connecting the community to the 14 stations of the planned Metro Rail corridor, which will connect the Orange Line Van Nuys station in Los Angeles to the city of San Fernando to the north.  

Purple Line (D Line) Extension First/Last Mile Plan — Section 1 

Metro hasis developeding first/last mile plans for three station-areas along the future Purple ( D Line) Extension: Wilshire/La Brea, Wilshire/Fairfax and Wilshire/La Cienega. These activities to improve pedestrian and “rolling” access to the Section 1 stations will be similar to first/last mile planning for Sections 2 and 3 . Planning included consultations with the City of Los Angeles and Beverly Hills, local residents and other future transit riders. 

Purple Line Extension First/Last Mile Plan — Sections 2 & 3  

This includes first/last mile station area plans for four stations on the Purple Line Extensions Section 2 and 3 (Wilshire/Rodeo, Century City/Constellation, Westwood/UCLA and Westwood/VA Hospital). The development of the plans included coordination and consultation with local jurisdictions, institutional stakeholders and members of the local communities.  

Blue Line First/Last Mile Plan  

This plan identifies pedestrian and bicycle improvements within the walking (1/2 mile) and biking (3 mile) distances of each station on the Blue Line, 22 stations in total. This is the first comprehensive first/last mile plan by Metro for an entire rail line and was completed in 2018 through a community-based process. The Blue Line First/Last Mile Plan is now available.  

Inglewood First/Last Mile Plan  

This plan identifies pedestrian and bicycle improvements within the walking (1/2 mile) and biking (3 mile) distances of three stations on the Crenshaw/LAX Line (Fairview Heights, Downtown Inglewood, Westchester/Veterans), and one station on the Green Line (Crenshaw). This is the first first/last mile project with committed implementation funding from the City of Inglewood.  

Gold Line Foothill Extension 2B First/Last Mile Plan 

The plan includes first/last mile station area plans for five stations on the Gold Line Extension Phase 2B (Glendora, San Dimas, La Verne, Pomona, Claremont). The development of the station plans included close coordination with the Foothill Gold Line Construction Authority and coordination with the five cities around the station areas.  

Aviation / 96th St Station (Airport Metro Connector) First/Last Mile Plan 

A new major transit hub will connect the LAX/Crenshaw and Green Metro Rail lines and a number of bus routes with the LAX Automated People Mover. The first/last mile plan will address first/last mile connections in the surrounding station area, located near the border of Los Angeles and Inglewood.  

Expo/Crenshaw First/Last Mile Plan 

The Expo/Crenshaw First/Last Mile Plan will identify walking and rolling access improvements to the Expo/Crenshaw Station, which will become a key transfer point upon the opening of the Crenshaw/LAX Transit Project. These street improvements will also support access to the planned Metro and LA County joint development adjacent to the future station. 

Metro Orange Line Improvements First/Last Mile Plan 

As part of new gating and grade separation improvements to the Orange Line, Metro will develop two new plans for first/last mile improvements at the reconstructed Sepulveda and Van Nuys stations. The project will address the Sepulveda Station area, as Van Nuys will be covered as part of the East San Fernando Valley Transit Corridor First/Last Mile Plan. 

Contact Us

Jacob Lieb
Senior Director

Metro LEP information graphic including phone numbers (323-466-3876, ext 2) in various languages.