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Planning Tools

The Toolkit is organized in five sections: Land Use and Planning, Transportation and Parking, Urban Design, Community Engagement, and Financing Tools. Even though the tools are categorized into different sections they should be considered holistically, as there is a great deal of overlap in how the strategies can be implemented and how they can work in concert with each other.

These sections include specific methods, programs, and strategies, or tools, for achieving Transit Oriented Development (TOD) goals. Each tool includes a description, the expected or desired outcomes of the tool, real-life examples of the tool being used in practice, and other relevant resources relating to the tool. Additionally, each tool in this report lists the Best Practices of Transit-Supportive Places categories to which it applies. These categories are defined in the Best Practices Memorandum prepared in support of this Toolkit and are listed again here for reference:

  1. Compact Design
  2. Complete Neighborhoods
  3. Street and Network Connectivity
  4. Site Layout, Parking Placement, and Building Design
  5. Affordable Housing
  6. Commercial Stabilization, Business Retention and Expansion
  7. Transit Prioritization, Accessibility, and Area Design
  8. Parking Management
  9. Transit Demand Management
  10. Pedestrian and Bicycle Circulation

Land Use and Planning

The Land Use and Planning section addresses how planning can be used to promote TOD. This is accomplished at a high level through General Plan and Vision Plan updates, as well as at a more detailed level with specific zoning strategies and incentive programs. These strategies generally aim to promote development and generate transit-supportive land uses in and around transit areas. Included topics are:

Transportation and Parking

The Transportation and Parking section details transportation programs that aim to improve transportation in and around TOD districts. Transportation is a central component of TOD, and as such it is important to find ways to move people around and accommodate automobiles in ways appropriate for the needs of TOD districts. This section provides practical and tested programs with two general focuses: promoting transit use and active transportation, and managing automobile travel and parking. Both of these are addressed through infrastructure, incentive, and other programs that improve mobility, encourage transit use, coordinate transportation programs, reduce car ownership and vehicle trips, and more efficiently plan for and utilize parking. Programs and plans discussed in this section are:

Urban Design

The Urban Design section offers strategies that focus on design elements of the built environment in TOD districts. These strategies encourage design features used in development projects and streetscape improvements that improve the built environment to be more conducive to walking, public life, transit use, and neighborhood identity. Strategies include:

Affordable Housing