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Joint Public/Private Development

Best Practice Category

Compact Design Complete Neighborhoods Site Layout, Parking Layout, and Building Design Affordable Housing


Local governments and transit agencies can partner with affordable housing developers and community organizations to develop publicly owned land to ensure that it is built with uses that support transit ridership and housing affordability. The joint development of public land such as schools, parking garages, libraries, and government offices—at a discounted land price--helps make affordable housing more financially feasible especially in areas where the amount of developable land is limited. Joint development often involves a public agency with access to land that can be productively used by a private-sector partner.

Metro is actively participating in the joint development in Los Angeles County. To date, Metro has completed 18 projects through joint development. At least eight additional projects are under construction or being negotiated, while 17 future opportunity sites have been identified.


  • Increased transit ridership
  • Reduced barriers to affordable housing development
  • Increased access to affordable housing
  • Increased socioeconomic diversity within neighborhoods


Fruitvale Transit Village (Oakland, CA) - The Fruitvale Transit Village is situated adjacent to the Fruitvale Station in Oakland, CA, the 4 th busiest station in East Bay and the 9 th most widely traveled station (Unity, 2016). Developed in partnership between Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) and Unity Council (among other public, private, and nonprofit organizations), Fruitvale Transit Village serves as a strong example of community-driven transit-oriented development. Originally proposed to be a parking garage, the community banded together with help from Unity Council to advocate for more thoughtful development near the BART station. The Fruitvale Transit Village was then proposed and Unity Council formed the Fruitvale Development Corporation (FDC) to oversee the development. As the owner of land around the station, BART partnered with the FDC to assist in the planning process. In two phases, a total of 102 units were made available for residents earning between 35 to 80% AMI.

Valley Transportation Authority (Santa Clara, CA) – The Valley Transportation Authority (VTA) holds over 500 acres of land with more than 300 developable acres under their Joint Development Policy. In 2016, VTA adopted a strong affordable housing goal as part of their Joint Development Policy, setting a 35% system-wide affordability target (purposefully aligned with Metro’s goal) and incentives to ensure affordable housing is actually built. These incentives include density bonuses, higher proposal scoring during developer selection, and endorsements or other support for affordable housing developments on VTA-owned sites or other properties within station areas.