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Bike Stations

Best Practice Category:

Transportation Demand Management Pedestrian and Bicycle Circulation

Description

Bike stations, also called bike hubs, are facilities that offer services to cyclists and provide users a secure place to store their bike. The facilities are typically enclosed structures where users may securely store their bikes. Some bike stations may also offer a full range of services, including self-repair stations, air pumps, restrooms, bike valet, showers, lockers, commute information, and other amenities. Stations may also include retail sales and bike rental services.

Bike Transfer on Transit; Sascha Kohlmann
Bike Transfer on Transit; Sascha Kohlmann

A basic bike station is about the size of a shipping container, but some facilities can be much larger depending on the amount of bike storage and the amenities offered. Facilities with retail, rental, and other services may be open to the public, but access to bike storage is typically restricted to members of the system in order to improve security. Extra security measures, including lighting and CCTV surveillance may also be used.

Bike stations are often located near transit stations, such as in Long Beach and Oceanside where they provide bicyclists with amenities to make their commutes easier and more comfortable. Bike stations help to promote transit by providing a secure place to store bicycles and this removes one of the barriers for people who wish to access the transit station by bicycle.  Stations should be visible and easily accessible, both on foot and by bicycle. Cities can support implementation of bike stations by offering to dedicate public right-of-way in the station area, perhaps in a portion of a park-and-ride lot, for the siting of the station, or by providing a project incentive (such as permit streamlining) for a developer that proposes to include a bike station as part of new development.

Similar to bike stations, bike lockers offer users a secure place to store their bikes. Bike lockers are smaller than stations, providing only enough room to fit one or two bikes in each unit.

Outcomes

  • Increase cycling and transit use
  • Reduce VMT
  • Helps address “first-last mile problem”

Examples:

Long Beach Bikestation

Long Beach Bike Station; beany0
Long Beach Bike Station; beany0

Bikestation is an operator of bike stations with locations in California and nationally. Their station in Long Beach, the first of its kind in the U.S., offers members 24-hour indoor bicycle parking for free during regular business hours, bike rentals, repair services, a retail shop, free air, showers and changing rooms, and day use lockers. The station is located in downtown Long Beach near rail and bus transit services.

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Santa Monica Bike Center

Santa Monica Bike Station; Google Maps
Santa Monica Bike Station; Google Maps

Santa Monica’s Bike Center is located in downtown, adjacent to the Santa Monica Pier and the new terminus of the Metro Exposition Line extension.  The center offers 24/7 secure indoor bicycle storage for commuters, a bicycle valet service, a bike share/rental program for local employers, and bike rentals for local residents.

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BikeHub

Oakland Bike Hub; Google Maps
Oakland Bike Hub; Google Maps

Bikehub offers bike stations for BART, Caltrain, and LA Metro. Their stations provide a safe place for commuters to drop off and store their bikes. Prices for their services vary by location: the Caltrain and BART stations offer free valet parking, whereas the Metro stations charge for weekly, monthly, and year passes (with discounts for seniors, students, and others). The stations provide additional services, such as repairs, bike rentals, retail, and educational events and services.

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Los Angeles Metro

Metro offers bike lockers at transit stations where commuters can conveniently store their bikes and protect them from weather, vandalism, and theft in fully-enclosed units. Lockers can be reserved online. Users pay a $50 deposit and a $24 rental fee for 6 months.

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