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Metro First/Last Mile

What Is “First/Last Mile”?

An individual’s trip is understood as the entire journey from origin to destination. Individuals may use a number of modes (types) of transport to complete the journey – they may walk, drive, ride a bicycle, take a train, or - in many cases - combine a number of modes. Bus and rail services often form the core of a trip, but users complete the first and last portion on their own. For example, they must first walk, bike, drive or roll themselves to and from the nearest station. This is referred to as the first and last mile of the user’s trip, or “first/last mile” (FLM) for short. Actual distances vary by trip.

What is the First/Last Mile Strategic Plan?

The Plan is an approach for identifying barriers and planning and implementing improvements for the first/last mile portions of an individual’s journey. It provides an adaptable vision for addressing FLM improvements in a systematic way, and results in data and information to justify taking those actions. Examples of FLM improvements include the following:

  • Infrastructure for walking, rolling, and biking (e.g. bike lanes, bike parking, sidewalks, and crosswalks)
  • Shared use services (e.g. bike share and car share)
  • Facilities for making modal connections (e.g. kiss and ride and bus/rail interface)
  • Signage and way-finding, and information and technology that eases travel (e.g. information kiosks and mobile apps)

What is FLM Diagram

Why is first/last mile important?

  • Expands the transit experience
  • Improves safety
  • Enhances visual aesthetics
  • In 2015, the American Planning Association awarded Metro and SCAG the National Planning Excellence Award for the Plan. For more information, visit the APA award page here .

Blue Line First/Last Mile Plan

This plan identifies pedestrian and bicycle improvements within the walking (1/2 mile) and biking (3 mile) distances of each station on the Blue Line, 22 stations in total. This is the first comprehensive first/last mile plan by Metro for an entire rail line and was completed in 2018 through a community-based process. The Blue Line First/Last Mile Plan is now available.

Inglewood First/Last Mile Plan

This plan identifies pedestrian and bicycle improvements within the walking (1/2 mile) and biking (3 mile) distances of three stations on the Crenshaw/LAX Line (Fairview Heights, Downtown Inglewood, Westchester/Veterans), and one station on the Green Line (Crenshaw). This is the first first/last mile project with committed implementation funding from the City of Inglewood.

Transit to Open Space Plan

The Transit to Open Space and Parks Plan will recommend cost-effective investments for connecting disadvantaged and park poor communities to open space and parks using transit. The planning process will: engage potential partners and stakeholders, analyze park access needs, especially for disadvantaged communities, and provide data to guide decision-making on future projects and investments. Key lessons to inform this plan are in the Transit to Parks Case Studies .

Affordable Housing and Sustainable Communities

Administered by the Strategic Growth Council, the AHSC Program funds land-use, housing, transportation, and land preservation projects to support .infill and compact development that reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Metro provided support to the County and the City of Los Angeles on three applications for the 2018 funding cycle.

Analysis and Selection of VMT Mitigation Measures Pursuant to SB 743

Senate Bill 743 (SB 743) was signed in 2013, and required the Governor’s Office of Planning and Research (OPR) to identify new metrics for identifying and mitigating transportation impacts under California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA). As a result, OPR identified Vehicle miles Traveled (VMT) per capita and VMT per employee as the new metrics for transportation analysis.
This report summarizes the analysis of potential transportation impacts, under new guidelines, to previously certified Environmental Impact Reports (EIRs) where LA Metro is the Lead Agency or, in the case of highway projects, may have a role in mitigation measures.

Purple Line First/Last Mile Plan

The plan includes development of first/last mile station area plans for four stations on the Purple Line Sections 2 and 3 (Wilshire/Rodeo, Constellation, UCLA, and VA). It also includes the development of guidelines on how first/last mile improvements will be incorporated into all of Metro’s future transit capital projects.

Foothill Gold Line Phase 2B First/Last Mile Plan

The plan includes development of first/last mile station area plans for five stations on the Gold Line Extension Phase 2B (Glendora, San Dimas, La Verne, Pomona, Claremont). The development of the station plans will include close coordination with the Gold Line Construction Authority and coordination with the five cities around the station areas.

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