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Metro First/Last Mile

What Is “First/Last Mile”?

An individual’s trip is understood as the entire journey from origin to destination. Individuals may use a number of modes (types) of transport to complete the journey – they may walk, drive, ride a bicycle, take a train, or - in many cases - combine a number of modes. Bus and rail services often form the core of a trip, but users complete the first and last portion on their own. For example, they must first walk, bike, drive or roll themselves to and from the nearest station. This is referred to as the first and last mile of the user’s trip.

What is the First/Last Mile Strategic Plan?

The Plan is an approach for identifying barriers and planning and implementing improvements for the first/last mile portions of an individual’s journey. It provides an adaptable vision for addressing FLM improvements in a systematic way, and results in data and information to justify taking those actions. Examples of FLM improvements include the following:

  • Infrastructure for walking, rolling, and biking (e.g. bike lanes, bike parking, sidewalks, and crosswalks)
  • Shared use services (e.g. bike share and car share)
  • Facilities for making modal connections (e.g. kiss and ride and bus/rail interface)
  • Signage and way-finding, and information and technology that eases travel (e.g. information kiosks and mobile apps)

What is First/Last Mile Diagram? Illustrations of home, bike rider, Metro stop, vehicles demonstrating concept.

Why is first/last mile important?

  • Expands the transit experience
  • Improves safety
  • Enhances visual aesthetics
  • In 2015, the American Planning Association awarded Metro and SCAG the National Planning Excellence Award for the Plan. For more information, visit the APA award page here .

Green Line Extension to Torrance First/Last Mile Plan

As Metro extends the western terminus of the Green Line from Redondo Beach to Torrance, it will develop first/last mile plans to improve safe, comfortable walking and rolling access to the three new stations in the South Bay. The stations will also serve new transit connections in the Redondo Beach and Torrance Transit Centers.

Purple Line Extension First/Last Mile Plan — Section 1

Metro is developing first/last mile plans for three station-areas along the future Purple ( D Line) Extension: Wilshire/La Brea, Wilshire/Fairfax and Wilshire/La Cienega. These activities to improve pedestrian and "rolling" access to the Section 1 stations will be similar to first/last mile planning for Sections 2 and 3 . Planning will include consultations with the City of Los Angeles and Beverly Hills, local residents and other future transit riders.

Expo/Crenshaw First/Last Mile Plan

The Expo/Crenshaw First/Last Mile Plan will identify walking and rolling access improvements to the Expo/Crenshaw Station, which will become a key transfer point upon the opening of the Crenshaw/LAX Transit Project. These street improvements will also support access to the planned Metro and LA County joint development adjacent to the future station.

Affordable Housing and Sustainable Communities

Administered by the Strategic Growth Council, the AHSC Program funds land-use, housing, transportation, and land preservation projects to support .infill and compact development that reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Metro provided support to the County and the City of Los Angeles on three applications for the 2018 funding cycle.

West Santa Ana Branch First/Last Mile Plan

Metro will develop station-area first/last mile plans for the 20-mile West Santa Ana Branch transit corridor. The West Santa Ana Branch Transit Corridor will connect downtown Los Angeles with southeastern LA County, including the cities of Paramount, Bellflower, Cerritos, and Artesia. To view more about the transit corridor project, click here .

Metro Orange Line Improvements First/Last Mile Plan

As part of new gating and grade separation improvements to the Orange Line, Metro developed two new plans for first/last mile improvements at the reconstructed Sepulveda and Van Nuys stations. The G Line (Orange) Sepulveda Station First/Last Mile Plan was adopted on February 25, 2021. The first/last mile plan for the Van Nuys station was included as part of the East San Fernando Valley Transit Corridor First/Last Mile Plan .

East San Fernando Valley Transit Corridor

The East San Fernando Valley First/Last Mile Plan was adopted on December 3, 2020. The plan identified biking and walking improvements connecting the community to the 14 stations of the planned Metro Rail corridor, which will connect the Orange Line Van Nuys station in Los Angeles to the city of San Fernando to the north.

Purple Line Extension First/Last Mile Plan — Sections 2 & 3

This includes first/last mile station area plans for four stations on the Purple Line Extensions Section 2 and 3 (Wilshire/Rodeo, Century City/Constellation, Westwood/UCLA and Westwood/VA Hospital). The development of the plans included coordination and consultation with local jurisdictions, institutional stakeholders and members of the local communities.

Blue Line First/Last Mile Plan

This plan identifies pedestrian and bicycle improvements within the walking (1/2 mile) and biking (3 mile) distances of each station on the Blue Line, 22 stations in total. This is the first comprehensive first/last mile plan by Metro for an entire rail line and was completed in 2018 through a community-based process. The Blue Line First/Last Mile Plan is now available.

Inglewood First/Last Mile Plan

This plan identifies pedestrian and bicycle improvements within the walking (1/2 mile) and biking (3 mile) distances of three stations on the Crenshaw/LAX Line (Fairview Heights, Downtown Inglewood, Westchester/Veterans), and one station on the Green Line (Crenshaw). This is the first first/last mile project with committed implementation funding from the City of Inglewood.

Gold Line Foothill Extension 2B

The plan includes first/last mile station area plans for five stations on the Gold Line Extension Phase 2B (Glendora, San Dimas, La Verne, Pomona, Claremont). The development of the station plans included close coordination with the Foothill Gold Line Construction Authority and coordination with the five cities around the station areas.

Aviation / 96th St Station (Airport Metro Connector) First/Last Mile Plan

A new major transit hub will connect the LAX/Crenshaw and Green Metro Rail lines and a number of bus routes with the LAX Automated People Mover. The first/last mile plan will address first/last mile connections in the surrounding station area, located near the border of Los Angeles and Inglewood.

Other Plans

Transit to Parks Strategic Plan

The Transit to Parks Strategic Plan recommends cost-effective investments for connecting disadvantaged and park-poor communities to open space and parks using transit. The planning process engaged potential partners and stakeholders and analyzed park access needs with a focus on disadvantaged communities, providing data to guide decision-making on future projects and investments. The Plan was adopted by the Metro Board of Directors on June 27, 2019.

Analysis and Selection of VMT Mitigation Measures Pursuant to SB 743

Senate Bill 743 (SB 743) was signed in 2013, and required the Governor’s Office of Planning and Research (OPR) to identify new metrics for identifying and mitigating transportation impacts under California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA). As a result, OPR identified Vehicle miles Traveled (VMT) per capita and VMT per employee as the new metrics for transportation analysis.
This report summarizes the analysis of potential transportation impacts, under new guidelines, to previously certified Environmental Impact Reports (EIRs) where LA Metro is the Lead Agency or, in the case of highway projects, may have a role in mitigation measures.