What Is “First/Last Mile”?
An individual’s trip is understood as the entire journey from origin to destination. Individuals may use a number of modes (types) of transport to complete the journey – they may walk, drive, ride a bicycle, take a train, or - in many cases - combine a number of modes. Bus and rail services often form the core of a trip, but users complete the first and last portion on their own. For example, they must first walk, bike, drive or roll themselves to and from the nearest station. This is referred to as the first and last mile of the user’s trip, or “first/last mile” (FLM) for short. Actual distances vary by trip.
What is the First/Last Mile Strategic Plan?
The Plan is an approach for identifying barriers and planning and implementing improvements for the first/last mile portions of an individual’s journey. It provides an adaptable vision for addressing FLM improvements in a systematic way, and results in data and information to justify taking those actions. Examples of FLM improvements include the following:
- Infrastructure for walking, rolling, and biking (e.g. bike lanes, bike parking, sidewalks, and crosswalks)
- Shared use services (e.g. bike share and car share)
- Facilities for making modal connections (e.g. kiss and ride and bus/rail interface)
- Signage and way-finding, and information and technology that eases travel (e.g. information kiosks and mobile apps)
Why is first/last mile important?
- Expands the transit experience
- Improves safety
- Enhances visual aesthetics
- In 2015, the American Planning Association awarded Metro and SCAG the National Planning Excellence Award for the Plan. For more information, visit the APA award page here .
West Santa Ana Branch First/Last Mile Plan
Metro will develop station-area first/last mile plans for the 20-mile West Santa Ana Branch transit corridor. The Metro Rail line will connect downtown Los Angeles with southeastern LA County, including the cities of Paramount, Bellflower, Cerritos, and Artesia.
Metro Orange Line Improvements First/Last Mile Plan
As part of new gating and grade separation improvements to the Orange Line, Metro will develop two new plans for first/last mile improvements at the reconstructed Sepulveda and Van Nuys stations. The project will address the Sepulveda station area, as Van Nuys will be covered as part of the East San Fernando Valley first/last mile plan .
Transit to Parks Strategic Plan
The Transit to Parks Strategic Plan recommends cost-effective investments for connecting disadvantaged and park-poor communities to open space and parks using transit. The planning process engaged potential partners and stakeholders and analyzed park access needs with a focus on disadvantaged communities, providing data to guide decision-making on future projects and investments. The Plan was adopted by the Metro Board of Directors on June 27, 2019.
Senate Bill 743 (SB 743) was signed in 2013, and required the Governor’s Office of Planning and Research (OPR) to identify new metrics for identifying and mitigating transportation impacts under California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA). As a result, OPR identified Vehicle miles Traveled (VMT) per capita and VMT per employee as the new metrics for transportation analysis.